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What is open source?

Open source is called software whose source code is open to all. The code of open source software is provided free of charge and anyone can modify it, modify it, contribute to its development or use it free of charge for their own work. In addition to the source code, binary codes of this software are also provided which are compiled to run on various operating systems.

Open-source software has a different relationship with intellectual property rights. It may be that in the future, the direction of information technology will depend on this.

open source software and licence

what is open source software?


Money cannot be charged for free software. If money is not available for software then how will it work? Then the business class felt that free software was useless and they kept it far away from themselves. Although money can also be earned from free software, its method is somewhat different, but there was some stamp on free software that the business class started staying away from adopting those other methods as well. In 1997, free software enthusiasts held a meeting in San Francisco and formed a public corporation called the Open Source Initiative (OSI). In this, 10 guiding principles were made. And if the license of the software satisfies those 10 conditions, then he called such software open-source software. The main 3 of these 10 guiding principles are:

  • The source code of the software must be published;
  • No royalty can be charged for the software;
  • Everyone has the freedom to modify the source code.


OSI Under its Guiding Principles inspected the different types of licenses and said for about 58 licenses that they satisfy the 10 Guiding Principles, whatever software is published under these licenses is called Open Source Software.

OSI At one end of the licenses marked by the U.S. is the GPL’ed license, which allows for the most copyleft of any software. It is also the most popular of the open-source software licenses. At the other end is Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD). Under which you can modify, take ownership of the published software. The rest lie in between these two edges in the marked licenses and copyleft software to varying degrees.

Software that has been published only with the source code cannot be called open-source software unless the software is licensed under OSI. That should not satisfy even the ten guiding principles. It also has its own logo, in which the software OSI. the logo that means it is open-source software.

What are the popular opensource software?

Ubuntu is a very popular open-source operating system.
Some of the popular opensource software are as follows-

(1) Operating Systems’ Unix-like: There are many types of operating systems, the most popular of which is Linux. Its graphical interface is similar to that of Windows but the technology differs between the two.

Mac / OS Kind of like: Personal computer started from this and it is the easiest to run. Not in our own country, but it is more popular in foreign countries. Berkeley Unix is a variant of Unix. Berkeley Unix is a major contributor to the Mac system.

OS-2, IBM The operating system was removed from the system but now it is not working. This is also a questionable question in itself that why OS-2 did not run after being a very good operating system and why Mac is not as popular as Windows even after being such a simple operating system. We will discuss this in detail sometime later, but for now only this is because most forms of Unix are open-source software. Linux is open-source software and GPL. Published inside.

Solaris is also an operating system based on Unix. It was previously a proprietary software of Sun Microsystems, but since January 2005 it has become open-source software and is published under CDDL.

  1. Firefox, Thunderbird, and Sunbird are software from the Mozilla Foundation. It is published under the current public license. It runs on both Linux and Windows, Firefox is a web browser like Internet Explorer. Thunderbird, like Outlook Express, is software for sending and receiving e-mails. Sunbird is an e-manager similar to Microsoft Outlook.
  2. GIMP: This is Photoshop-like software for editing photos. This GPL is Published inside. It runs on both Linux and Windows.
  3. OpenOffice.Org: This is LGPL. Published inside. It is software like Microsoft Office and can do all the tasks that come into the office. It runs on both Windows and Linux. It can open various formats of documents, presentations created in Microsoft Office and save them in the same format.
  4. Apache: This is the most popular software for web servers.

If you work on Windows and are planning to move to Linux, try OpenOffice.org, Firefox, Thunderbird, Sunbird, and Gimp.

what are typed of Open Source Software Licensing?

All open-source software is available free of cost to users and developers. Which are distributed with a special license. These licenses primarily restrict the user or developer to one thing, “any changes, improvements to the source code must be made available to the public.”

Names of Some Popular OSS Licenses:-

  • MIT License
  • GNU General Public License 2.0
  • BSD License 2.0
  • GNU GPL 3.0

What are the Open Source Software Importance & Advantages?

1- IPR less than no one else. Whether or not it is extending its intellectual property rights to anyone, depends on the terms of the license of that open-source software. Our country is ahead in the matter of software in all the countries of the world and the question is whose intellectual property rights should be strengthened.

2- Relationship with Intellectual Property Rights: The most important thing about open source software is its relationship with Intellectual Property Rights. Its authors do not claim any intellectual property rights in its use and modification, it is clear in such a way that the authors themselves say that whoever wants can use, distribute and modify it. could. It is true that in this century the battles will be over water and oil, but many of the fights will be over intellectual property rights. Intellectual property rights disputes can be avoided by using open-source software.

3- No copyright infringement in use or modification: Open source software is always free to use or modify. Therefore, there is no infringement of copyright of anyone by using or modifying it. Often when you use someone’s proprietary software without paying for it or make a copy and use it on more than one computer, you are infringing their copyright. This is legally wrong, due to which you can also go to jail and have to pay damages. If there is never a violation of the law in using or modifying open-source software. It can be used and modified without any feeling of guilt. Yes, breach of the terms within which it has been published is definitely an infringement of copyright.

4- Reduced Expenses: No royalties can be charged for open-source software. That’s why using it always costs less. If a scheme is started, then its cost will always be less by using open-source software.

5- Reduction in the cost of software: Since no royalty can be charged for open source software and the cost of using it is low, therefore the owners of such proprietary software have also reduced their prices.

6- Customizable: Open source software can always be modified so you can always customize it. This is not possible in proprietary software unless the owner of the proprietary software himself wants it. You can use the open-source software in any language you want. Very few populations in our country know English. Most of the people use their native language. That is why at this time much proprietary software has also decided to be Hindi.

7- Not a virus: A virus is a type of computer program that affects the data of another computer or computer. Open-source software can also contain viruses, but this is negligible compared to proprietary software. According to computer scientists, since open source software is open, it is more stable.

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